Nerve Impingement or Nerve Impingement Syndrome (NIS) or a Subluxation
occurs when a misalignment of one or more of the joints in the spine places
pressure on a nerve. Because nerves communicate from the brain through
the spinal cord and nervous system, any pressure on the nerves can cause
interference with the transmitted signal. This can cause pain and/or discomfort
as well as many other symptoms.
There are a variety of reasons that NIS occurs including trauma due to
an accident, poor posture or diet, lack of or incorrect exercise, repetitive
motion injury from sports or work, or even stress.
NIS can cause a variety of symptoms, most common being:
- Disturbance in sleep
- Mood swings
- Digestive problems
The diagnosis of NIS is usually done with the assistance of X-ray images.
However if an X-ray does not clearly show any misalignment then and MRI
can be used to confirm a diagnosis. Other diagnostic methods can be used
if the patient is thought to have an infection or to determine if there
are other underlying conditions that need to be addressed.